For the first question, If I were a health information professional, I should not tell my friend. This is a personal credential data. As K’Tullaya said that during the diagnosis and treatment of HIV infected patients, the doctor convinces patients in many sessions of counseling to bring their sexual partners to check for HIV. I agree with this and I found this message from one paper to support about ‘Risk management & healthcare policy’ (please look following URL link below) — If the doctor is aware that a HIV-positive patient has not informed their sexual partner, it would be permissible for the doctor to alert that partner in order for them to take steps to avoid infection even if the patient refuses to consent to others being informed. Then I hope that my friend will know about her husband’s HIV infection.
Surely that…..“Information must not be disclosed to others eg, relatives who have not been and are not at risk of infection.” but!! in case of I am sure that my friend may not know about this and she will risk to HIV infection. In such circumstances, I should tell my friend’s husband before I make the disclosure.
For the second question, my mom’s friend was admitted with general diseases (non-communicable disease), and my mom asked me to check on her’s friend medical condition. This is a personal credential data that should not be released without consent too. I will suggest or help my mom to ask her friend directly and may drive for her to visit her friend at the hospital (55)