Infant mortality rate
Infant mortality rate is the rate of deaths among infants under one year old population.
Infant Mortality Rate = Number of deaths among under ones / Total number of live births * 1000
Infant mortality rate represents a child’s viability, which describes healthcare support, socioeconomic status and environmental situation in the child’s area.
Neonatal mortality rate
Neonatal mortality rate is the rate of deaths among newborns within the first 28 days of life.
Neonatal Mortality Rate = Total number of deaths of newborns less than 28 days of life / total number of live births * 1000
Neonatal mortality rate is useful for monitoring maternal and newborn neonatal healthcare status and informing health authorities about intervention plans for desired health outcomes.