Thailand has three main health schemes: Universal Health Coverage, Social Security, and Civil Servant Medical Benefit Scheme. Among these health schemes, Universal Health Coverage (UHC) plays a significant role in healthcare in Thailand because it is given to individuals automatically regardless of their status or occupation and covers a broad range of healthcare services for Thai people. During the past twenty years, the benefit of this type of health scheme has expanded gradually, enhancing the accessibility of healthcare for Thais. As our classmate mentioned above, improved progress access to healthcare, health outcomes, and health equity are the strengths that Thailand has achieved so far after starting the UHC. However, balancing financial sustainability with rising healthcare costs, increasing the aging population, the quality of care (long wait times), and equity gaps (stateless persons or migrants) are challenges of the UHC in Thailand right now and must be improved.
– Finding solutions for financial mechanisms like health insurance top-ups would be an option for dealing with rising healthcare costs.
– Investing in the healthcare workforce is a way to improve the quality of care.
– Providing a program for non-Thai nationals (stateless) would help give more accessibility to the healthcare system.
– Planning a long-term care service is an excellent way to cope with the aging population in the future.