PANs are suitable for short-range connections, such as between wearable devices and smartphones, but connecting multiple devices on a PAN is complicated and will delay data flow. LANs are ideal for connections within a specific location, like a hospital or health clinic, because they allow high data transfer speeds within the local area. However, LANs may not cover the entire region of interest. So, MANs are more suitable for city-wide data collection. However, if the region of interest is larger than a single city, MAN has limitations in coverage. From a coverage perspective, WANs are suitable for collecting data across regions. Centralized data analysis is feasible at the MOPH. However, more sophisticated security measures are needed to ensure data privacy and integrity.