ICD standard is the international standard for reporting diseases and health conditions. It is the diagnostic classification standard for all clinical and research purposes. ICD defines the universe of diseases, disorders, injuries and other related health conditions, listed in a comprehensive, hierarchical fashion. ICD is used for monitoring of the incidence and prevalence of diseases, observing reimbursements and resource allocation trends, and keeping track of safety and quality guidelines. They also include the counting of deaths as well as diseases, injuries, symptoms, reasons for encounter, factors that influence health status, and external causes of disease.
If the hospitals in the country do not use the ICD standard, it will be difficult
– To storage, retrieve and analyze health information for evidenced-based decision-making
– To share and compare health information between hospitals, regions, settings and countries
– To compare data in the same location across different time periods