I was late for the class and missed the first part of seminar.🙏 The selected paper was interesting and gave the idea of factor investigation.
For topic 1, I think some human behavior and general routine could potentially increase the risk of exposure to mosquitos and differentiate the infection rate among each factor. For example, male might have occupations which involve travel outdoor with more risk to be bitten compared to women. Population in Lakeshores area undertook fishing as their main activity which expanded the time spent near to the water and caused higher infection rate.
Moreover, economic status would allow the ability to protect themself from the mosquito. Therefore, the area with poor quality of housing and lower economic status(Lakeshores area was mentioned in research paper) might have less ability of self protection resulting in higher infection rate.
The same behavior and economic status which occurred with people under the same characteristics and demographics potentially differentiated the infection rate.
For topic 2, I looked at figure 1 comparing the prevalence in Dry season 2019 and 2020. Even though the seasons matched, the infection rates weren’t similar. Therefore, apart from the climate and level of natural water, there might be other factors related to the high infected rate in dry season 2019. Environment and behavior might be the cause of high rate such as people gathering more in dry season, the consistency of self protection methods which possibly weren’t strengthened enough and personal reserve ponds during dry season.