How can surveillance help to detect and control the disease?
Surveillance can offer early detection of a monkeypox outbreak, allowing quick interventions. Monitoring trends helps understand the disease’s progression and the effectiveness of control measures. Assessing the disease burden informs resource allocation.
Should we conduct active or passive surveillance or both for the disease? Why?
Active surveillance is more suitable for monkeypox. The target populations like MSM and sex workers are often less likely to seek medical help, making passive surveillance less effective in capturing the complete picture of the outbreak.
Which method should be best to identify cases, and why?
a. Cases in medical facilities VS community
Community: Given the target populations, looking for cases in communities is more effective than just medical facilities.
b. Sentinel VS population-based surveillance
Sentinel: By focusing on sentinel sites like STD clinics or NGOs, you can more effectively capture specific characteristics of vulnerable populations.
c. Case-based VS aggregated surveillance
Case-based: Detailed case data is essential for understanding the nuances of the disease spread among vulnerable populations.
d. Syndromic VS laboratory-confirmed surveillance
Laboratory-confirmed: Accurate diagnosis is crucial for a disease like monkeypox, which might be confused with other pox diseases.
What dissemination tools will you choose to disseminate monkeypox surveillance information? Why do you choose this/these tools?
I’d choose Ongoing, Real-Time Dissemination Tools that censor sensitive data. Monkeypox is endemic in specific areas like tourist provinces, requiring continuous monitoring. The real-time nature allows quick action while censoring sensitive data protects vulnerable populations.